Genomic analysis of S. aureus sequential isolates

27/03/2023 .
Genomic analysis of Staphylococcus aureus sequential isolates from lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis
Ding et al Microbes and Infection 2023

Staphylococcus aureus is the predominant pathogen in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) in France and, around 80 % of them harbored S. aureus in their lungs. This study investigated virulence and antimicrobial resistance-associated genes and within-host evolution polymorphisms in 14 S. aureus persistent clones from 14 chronically infected CF children. For each of the 14 patients, we compared genomes of two isogenic sequential isolates separated by 2-9 years. All isolates were methicillin-sensitive and harbored the immune evasion gene cluster, whereas half of them harbored the enterotoxin gene cluster. Most clones were capsule type 8 (8/14) and accessory gene regulator (agr)-specificity group 1 (9/14). We identified convergent mutations in genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism, cell wall metabolism, genetic information processing and adhesion, which are likely to play important role in intracellular invasion and persistence. Further explorations relying notably on proteomics will contribute to improve our understanding of the mechanisms at play in the striking long-term persistence ability of S. aureus.