High resolution typing of Staphylococcus epidermidis

High resolution typing of Staphylococcus epidermidis based on cgMLST to investigate the hospital spread of multidrug resistant clones.
Jamet et al J Clin Microbiol 2020 Dec 16

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Staphylococcus epidermidis is a pathogen emerging worldwide as a leading cause of health-care associated infections. A standardized high-resolution typing method to document transmission and dissemination of multidrug-resistant S. epidermidis strains is needed. Our aim was to provide a core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) typing scheme for S. epidermidis to improve the international surveillance of S. epidermidis.

We defined a cgMLST scheme based on 699 core genes and used it to investigate the population structure of the species, and the genetic relatedness of isolates recovered from infants hospitalized in several wards of a French hospital. Our results show the long-lasting endemic persistence of S. epidermidis clones within and across wards of hospitals and demonstrate the ability of our cgMLST approach to identify and track these clones.

We made the scheme publicly available through the Institut Pasteur BIGSdb server (http://bigsdb.pasteur.fr/epidermidis/). This tool should enable international harmonization of the epidemiological surveillance of multidrug-resistant S. epidermidis clones. By comparing gene distribution among infection and commensal isolates, we also confirmed the association of the mecA locus with infection isolates and of the fdh gene with commensal isolates.